The new class of lipid lowering drugs, the injectable drugs, PCSK9 inhibitors, reduce bad cholesterol when combined with statins, but they are expensive and therefore payment is often restricted by insurance companies.
“Occupations involving predominantly standing were associated with an approximately two-fold risk of heart disease compared to occupations involving predominantly sitting.”
Peter Smith, Huiting Ma, Richard H Glazier, Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet, Cameron Mustard; The Relationship Between Occupational Standing and Sitting and Incident Heart Disease Over a 12-Year Period in Ontario, Canada, American Journal of Epidemiology, , kwx298, https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwx298
Color Genomics added testing for Familial Hypercholesterolemia to its line of cancer risk gene testing.
- Angina, otherwise known as angina pectoris, is a symptom of insufficient blood flow to the heart muscles.
- The heart muscles need blood to pump efficiently. When the heart itself does not get enough blood to do the work required of it, various types of uncomfortable or painful symptoms can result. We call this pain or discomfort angina.
- The word angina itself come from an old latin term meaning choking or suffocating. Pectoris is the medical term for chest.
- Angina symptoms can vary from person to person and sometimes from episode to episode. Some symptoms of angina include:
- a pressure sensation in the chest, shoulders, arms or jaw
- a feeling of indigestion
- lightheadedness, dizziness or sweating, especially with exertion
- a squeezing feeling in the chest, shoulders, arms or jaw
- a vague feeling of discomfort
Angina symptoms can sometimes be brought on by exercise, exertion, stress or fatigue. They may get better with rest, but still warrant attention by your health care provider!
Not everyone with heart disease will get angina. Some patients have ‘silent heart disease’ meaning they experience no symptoms despite the fact that their heart is taxed. One group of patients prone to developing “silent” heart disease is diabetics. Women in particular are prone to atypical symptoms.
Remember if you are having symptoms or are not sure what your symptoms represent, call 911, see your doctor or go to your emergency room.